Document and Entity Information - shares
6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2019
Aug. 05, 2019
Document and Entity Information [Abstract]    
Entity Registrant Name ALIMERA SCIENCES INC  
Entity Central Index Key 0001267602  
Document Type 10-Q  
Document Period End Date Jun. 30, 2019  
Amendment Flag false  
Document Fiscal Year Focus 2019  
Document Fiscal Period Focus Q2  
Current Fiscal Year End Date --12-31  
Entity Current Reporting Status Yes  
Entity Filer Category Accelerated Filer  
Smaller Reporting Company true  
Emerging Growth Company false  
Entity Shell Company false  
Entity common stock, shares outstanding (in shares)   71,000,495